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Webinar on "Studying the issue of achieving peace in Palestine from Human Rights perspective”

Webinar on "Studying the issue of achieving peace in Palestine from Human Rights perspective”


 Webinar on "Studying the issue of achieving peace in Palestine from Human Rights perspective”


Considering the necessity for religious cooperation in defending the rights of the Palestinian people and in order to explain and clarify the situation of the Palestinian people from the perspective of human rights, the Cultural Center of the Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Manila Islamic and some Pilipino associations such as :


IFI Diocese of Greater Manila Area, and

Filipino Ecumenical Accompaniers


On Friday, November 19, 2021, a webinar "Palestine, Human Rights and Peace" was held on the zoom platform, which was well received by the interested audiences.


In this meeting, which was attended by a group of experts from the Philippines and Palestine, Dr. Mostafa Fazaeli, Professor of International Law, Qom University, from Iran, also participated and presented his article :

Palestine, human rights and peace: The Right to Self-Determination, Equality and non-Discrimination”"

The program began with a prayer for the Palestinian people, and Morteza Sabouri, Iran"s cultural counsellor, explained the topic of the webinar.




The cultural counsellor welcomed the participants in the webinar and said:

Palestine is a holy land because it has been the place of presence of divine prophets and there are many holy places. The message of the prophets is the message of human peace and free and prosperity. But The Palestinian people have been telling a sad story for more than 70 years. Talking about The Palestinian people is talking about the suffering of those people of different faiths who have been oppressed by the occupation of their land for more than 70 years. During these long years, the Palestinian people have witnessed many wars and humanitarian catastrophes. Some Governments and international organizations have repeatedly promised them peace, tranquility and justice, but in practice only increased the suffering of the people. Many innocent children, women and men were killed and many houses were destroyed and many people were displaced to different countries.  Governments who claim supporting the human rights and democracy , have promised peace and friendship so they inviting these people to dialogue and peace, but in fact asking them to give up their land and accepting the occupation. Human rights organizations turn a blind eye to the crimes committed against these people and call for the acceptance of conditions of slavery. If this had happened in Western countries, the aggressor would have been punished by now, but for Asia, the Middle East and Africa, they want peace and reconciliation in favor of the aggressor. In this unjust situation where the powers that be want to deceive the Palestinian people in the name of peace and reconciliation, the religious leaders and thinkers must work together so that the Legitimate rights of the oppressed Palestinian people are not violated more.

Of course, all the people of the world, including the Palestinian people, want peace and a dignified life, but this peace must be just and they must achieve their legal rights. Unjust peace is itself against human rights and is considered a form of violation of the rights of the people. And human intellect and religious teachings and international law give nations the right to defend their Legitimate rights and not be oppressed. The bitter experience of the Palestinian people shows that if a nation wants true independence, peace and prosperity, they must achieve this independence and peace by themselves and not wait for others to give them this independence and prosperity as a gift.

I hope that in this valuable webinar, the distinguish guests of the program will examine the various dimensions of the situation of the Palestinian people in order to achieve a just peace.


 Dr. Mostafa Fazaeli, Professor of International Law at Qom University, in his article referred to the dimensions of human rights, including the need to respect the right to self-determination, equality and non-discrimination in the Palestinian cause.

The right to self-determination is one of the most obvious rights of a human population. We believe that, God created all human beings free and made them control their destiny. Man is a creature with the characteristics of thinking, authority and will, by which is distinguished from other living beings. Accordingly, humans have the power of self-regulation and self-organization. Hence, freedom, which is recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as the most important value and fundamental principle of human rights, is rooted in our true religious beliefs. According to the Holy Quran, the prophets came to take the chains of captivity placed on men and, restore God-given freedom to them. No one has the right to deprive a person of his freedom and liberty, and no human being is allowed to renounce or consent to deprivation of his liberty. As Imam Ali (PBUH) said: do not be another slave, God has set you free.

    This right has been enshrined as a fundamental right in numerous international instruments including common Art. 1 of the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and the Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which provides that All peoples have the right to self-determination, and the right to freely determine their political status and proceed their social, economic and cultural development.

      The right to self-determination of the Palestinian people has been recognized and emphasized in many international documents. The Security Council and General Assembly of the UN have repeatedly reaffirmed this right of the Palestinian people in several resolutions. But, the Zionist regime not only has basically violated this right and has been repeatedly condemned for that in UN resolutions, but also, constantly destroys Palestinian homes, displaces Palestinians, and builds settlements for Jewish immigrants. This act is considered a war crime according to the statute of the International Criminal Court. And Israel continues to commit these crimes in the eyes of the world.

    The passage of the Act "Israel as a State of the Jewish People", which confers the national right of self-determination exclusively on the Jews, is in clear conflict with the right of the people to self-determination and the explicit deprivation of this right of the Palestinians.

Another fundamental human and divine value that is constantly and systematically violated in the Occupied Palestinian Territory is The principle of equality. As we know, from the religious point of view, all human beings are created equal and are equal in the essence of humanity, and therefore have the right to enjoy all human rights and freedoms equally and without any discrimination based on race, language, sex, religion. The principle of equality is recognized in international human rights instruments as a universal value. In the first paragraph of the preamble of the international Covenants on HR, the principle of equality of rights is emphasized as the basis of freedom, peace and justice. Articles 2 and 26 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights insist on the principle of equality and non-discrimination in the enjoyment of all fundamental rights and freedoms.

   It is unfortunate that the Palestinian people have endured widespread and systematic discrimination in the worst possible way for several decades. Discrimination between Palestinians and Israelis or Jews and Arabs Muslims has always been reminiscent of the apartheid regime in South Africa (1948-1994), and in many documents and reports on apartheid, Zionism has always been mentioned as a symbol of institutionalized racism. In 1975, General Assembly of the United Nations issued Resolution 3379 declaring Israel an apartheid regime. However, with its courtesy of preconditions for committing to the negotiations which led to the Oslo Accords, Israel was able to persuade the General Assembly in 1991 to repeal that resolution.

But since then, Israeli actions in the Occupied Territories have been continuously criticized and condemned by UN resolutions.

     Israel"s actions in the post-1991 period, showed that there had been no change in the regime"s behavior, but that it had intensified the discriminatory situation against the Palestinians.

 According to the reports of the Committee for the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the judiciary of the Zionist regime in dealing with criminal cases has clearly had a double standard, so that in comparable cases, if the accused is of Palestinian descent, the time of detention is longer and, the verdicts against him is more severe, but whenever Israelis commit serious crimes against the Palestinians, they often face formal and dramatic punishments.

     According to the World Bank in 2009, more than 80 percent of drinking water in the West Bank is diverted to illegal Israeli settlements. Zionist settlements accounted for only 15% of the West Bank population, and water inequality has left the Palestinian population in a water shortage crisis.

      The combination of these various violations of basic human rights law, has led Michael Link, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Occupied Palestinian Territories, in his report to the Human Rights Council, citing Articles 2 and 26 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to "quasi-Apartheid" and in his interactive dialogue during the meeting on July 9, 2021, assessed the continuation of Israeli construction in the occupied territories as a "war crime".

    In addition, the violation of Palestinian rights occurs also in the form of gross violations of humanitarian law. For example, in the May 2021 conflict, more than 200 Palestinian civilians, including 69 children, were killed. In response to the Israeli attack on Gaza, the Human Rights Council convened a special emergency meeting in June 2021 and adopted a Resolution by which, a fact-finding commission has been set up to "investigate violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in the occupied territories and the eastern part of Jerusalem and Israel."

    In addition to investigating the aforementioned tragedies, the commission is tasked with identifying the culprits, examining the roots of the escalation of tensions, including systematic discrimination based on national, ethnic, racial and religious identities. It shall Present a report to the Fiftieth Session of the Human Rights Council (June 2022) and the Seventy-seventh General Assembly (September 2022).

     But the culmination of the catastrophe is that unfortunately, some governments that claim to be human rights defenders in the world, have turned a blind eye to this tragedy, or have appeased with it, or have even always encouraged and supported the Zionist apartheid regime.

   The actions of the US government are at the forefront of such norm-breaking and disruptive behavior. The relocation of the US embassy to Jerusalem or the granting of the occupied Golan Heights to Israel is the culmination of these violations of the fundamental principles of international law. Under international law, states are obliged to refrain from recognizing situations arising from violations of the principles and rules of international law. A clear example of this is the illegal occupation of the land.

    Therefore, the Palestinian people must be given the right not to believe the peaceful claims of the occupying Israeli regime and its strategic supporter, and to know no other way than resistance to realize the usurped rights of the Palestinians.

   By now, the Palestinian people are currently grappling with many unresolved problems. The most important challenges regarding the situation in Palestine can be summarized in five cases, which are: 1- Continued occupation; 2- Siege of Gaza; 3- Obstructing humanitarian aid to the Palestinian people; 4- Israeli settlements in the occupied territories; And 5- Preventing the return of Palestinian refugees to their homeland.

     As it enumerated in the GA resolution 3379(1975): "International co-operation and peace require the achievement of national liberation and independence, the elimination of colonialism and neo-colonialism, foreign occupation, Zionism, apartheid, and racial discrimination in all its forms as well as the recognition of the dignity of peoples and their right to self-determination"

    So, the establishment of peace in Palestine and the region depends on the resolution of these issues, otherwise peace process is meaningless.

We hope that one day you will soon see the realization of the rights of the oppressed people of Palestine and the establishment of a just peace in the region.

But the realization of this hope depends on a sense of public responsibility, especially of the religious, cultural, legal and political elites, and the continuous and coherent efforts of governmental and nongovernmental institutions all over the world.

    The organization of scientific meetings, such as the one we have today, organized by the Cultural Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Philippine, can be defined in this way. I once again express my gratitude for this interesting program.


The next speaker was Ahmad Kaid, from Palestine. He, who has studied international law and is a peace activist for Palestine, thanked the organizers for holding a special webinar and said, "Unfortunately, the realities of the Palestinian people are not well reflected to the outside world. . He said that the Zionist regime is not concerned about peace and international organizations and only seeks to strengthen its position and with its lobbies does not value international rules and only respects them to the words. He explained the daily crimes of Israeli soldiers against the Palestinian people, he said that these soldiers are looting not only in the cities but also in the villages and camps. He described Israel as a theft designed to usurp the land of Palestine and plunder its people. And for him, religious teachings and holy places and the rules of human rights mean only in order to strengthen his position and he does not hesitate to violate basic human rights. The destiny of the Palestinian people can be changed and reformed not at the negotiating table and invoking international law, but in the hands of the Palestinian people themselves and in the field of life. Because others are defending the Zionist regime more than defending the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people.


Bishop Rhee Timbang in his extensive remarks on the Palestinian cause, said, "I am very pleased that such a webinar has been organized to discuss the Palestinian question and that I have been invited, and I thank the organizers." He said that the issue of Palestine is significant in various religious, human and legal aspects, and that any human being, regardless of his or her beliefs and views, cannot ignore the principle of the need to respect human rights for the Palestinian people. He Expressed phrases from the Christian teachings on the well-being of the people and the exercise of their rights. The bishop added that the volunteers sent by the church to Israel to get information about the living conditions of the Palestinian people testify to the Israeli violence and oppression of the Palestinian people. He said the United States and Europe are giving Israel weapons for crimes and violence against the Palestinian people, and those human rights organizations are silent. If we cannot defend the Palestinian people today, we will not be able to defend justice and human values ​​elsewhere. The Church, with its various international institutions and organizations, can play an important role in defending Palestine and achieving justice and countering the Israeli occupation and crimes in this land. He suggested that the establishment and purposeful operation of a virtual international network in solidarity with the Palestinian people, in which all followers of religions and libertarians and popular and international institutions and the media should be present, to defend justice and end oppression. Let us work with the Palestinian people and fulfill their desire to have the right to self-determination and a happy and free life.



07:33 - 19/11/2021    /    Number : 777050    /    Show Count : 82

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